Emerging Technologies in Mechanical Engineering
Today it is more relevant than ever for all students of Mechanical to study, understand and work on various technologies related to Industry 4.0 We have selected few articles & research to give in-depth idea of Industry 4.0.
- The Industrial Internet of Things(IIOT)
- AGILE Software Development
- 3D Printing
- Hyperloop- Travel of Future
- High Speed Machining
- Friction Stir Welding(FSW)
- Nano Electromechanical Systems(NEMS)
- Flywheel Energy Storage(FES)
- Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning(HVAC)
- Beam Energy Propulsion
- Autonomous Car
- Digital Twins
- Scramjet- A new revolution in Air Travel
- Innovation in Fuel Efficiency
- Improvement in Gas Turbine
- Computational fluid Dynamics(CFD)
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)
The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) refers to interconnected sensors, instruments, and other devices networked together with computers’ industrial applications, including manufacturing and energy management.
3 D Printing
3D printing or additive manufacturing is a process of making three dimensional solid objects from a digital file. 3D printing enables you to produce complex shapes using less material than traditional manufacturing methods.
4 D Printing
4D printing is the process through which a 3D printed object transforms itself into another structure over the influence of external energy input as temperature, light or other environmental stimuli.
AGILE Software Development
Agile software development refers to a group of software development methodologies based on iterative development, where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing cross-functional teams.
Hyperloop- Travel of future
Hyperloop is a sealed tube or system of tubes with low air pressure through which a pod may travel substantially free of air resistance or friction. The Hyperloop could convey people or objects at airline or hypersonic speeds while being very energy efficient.
High speed machining
High speed machining typically refers to making light milling passes at high spindle speed and feed rate to achieve a high metal removal rate.
Friction stir welding (FSW)
Friction stir welding (FSW) is a solid-state joining process that uses a non-consumable tool to join two facing workpieces without melting the workpiece material.
Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS)
Nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) are a class of devices integrating electrical and mechanical functionality on the nano scale. NEMS form the next logical miniaturization step from so-called microelectromechanical systems, or MEMS devices.
Flywheel energy storage (FES)
Flywheel energy storage (FES) works by accelerating a rotor (flywheel) to a very high speed and maintaining the energy in the system as rotational energy.
Biomimetics refers to human-made processes, substances, devices, or systems that imitate nature. The art and science of designing and building Biomimetic apparatus is also known as biomimicry because they mimic biological systems.
Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC)
HVAC is the process of replacing or exchanging air within a space. This provides a better quality of air indoors and involves the removal of moisture, smoke, heat, airborne bacteria, carbon dioxide, and other gases as well as temperature control and oxygen replenishment.
Beam energy propulsion
Beam energy propulsion, is a class of aircraft or spacecraft propulsion that uses energy beamed to the spacecraft from a remote power plant to provide energy. The beam is typically either a microwave or a laser beam and it is either pulsed or continuous.
An autonomous car is a vehicle that can guide itself without human conduction. This kind of vehicle has become a concrete reality and may pave the way for future systems where computers take over the art of driving.
Digital twins are virtual replicas of physical devices that data scientists and IT pros can use to run simulations before actual devices are built and deployed.
Scramjet- a new revolution in Air Travel
A Scramjet (supersonic combustion ramjet) is a variant of a ramjet air breathing jet engine in which combustion takes place in supersonic air flow.
Improvement in Gas Turbine
A gas turbine is a combustion engine that can convert natural gas or other liquid fuels to mechanical energy. This energy then drives a generator that produces electrical energy.
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a branch of fluid mechanics fluid that uses numerical analysis and data structures to analyze and solve problems that involve fluid flows.